Many plants (and parts of those plants) contain compounds that are known to have appealing smell & taste, or provide a specific pharmacological effect. These compounds are most often referred to as Terpenes.
“Terpenes play an important role as fragrances in perfumery, as consituents of flavours for spicing foods… and last but not least, as medicaments for the therapy of numerous diseases including tumors.”
– Eberhard Breitmaier 2006
plural noun: terpenes
Any of a large group of volatile unsaturated hydrocarbons found in the essential oils of plants, especially conifers and citrus trees. They are based on a cyclic molecule having the formula C10H16.
Terpenes in Cannabis
“In former times, cannabis preparations were legally applied in the U.S. for the theraputic treatment of several diseases such as asthma, consitpation, epilepsy, hysteria, insomnia, and rheumatism.” – Breitmaier
The wide range of terpene profiles produced in cannabis genetics are still being studied. The blocks of prohibition are slowly being lifted, allowing more researchers to apply modern organic chemistry and extraction methods to the cannabis plant. Over 200 diverse terpenes are known to be produced in cannabis strains, surely with more to be discovered.
Terpenes play a major role in the modulation and uptake of cannabinoids by the body. By harnessing these specific terpene profiles we are able to control their modulation effects, ushering in a new age of aromatherapy experience.